Every area of life needs some kind of side. It can also be said that energy is life. Energy is used in some form or the other from body operation to running large factories, vehicles, machines, etc. All the resources which are used to obtain energy are called energy resources. Energy resources can be mainly divided into conventional and non-conventional resources.
Traditional or Conventional Energy Resources
Traditional or conventional energy resources are those which have been in use for a long time. They are available in limited quantities in nature and these sources will be exhaustible after some time, ie they will be exhausted as they are non-renewable. Such as wood, coal, petroleum, natural gas, cow dung, etc. Main conventional energy resources are described here.
Coal (the Highest Using Conventional Energy Resources)
As a result of geographical upheaval millions of years ago, the trees which were buried in the ground were converted into coal due to excessive heat and pressure. Thus coal is a fossil fuel. Coal is said to be the father of the industrial revolution because coal was initially a major source of energy in factories yesterday. It is also called black gold due to the usefulness of coal. China is the largest consumer and importer of coal in the world. On the other hand, Australia is the world’s largest coal exporter.
Coal India Limited is the largest company in the public sector ie the cooperative sector to produce or mine coal. It is a Maharatna company. It was established in 1975. Most of the coal in India is of the non-coking category. This iron is considered to be of a good grade for use in the steel industry. Therefore, coking coal for the iron and steel industry is imported from China and Australia. Coal has a high carbon and a low amount of moisture, we call it coking coal.
Mineral oil or Petroleum
Among the energy resources, petroleum (Petra =, shale, Oleum = oil) is the second most energy resource after coal. Petroleum also originated like coal from millions of years ago due to the geographical upheaval of trees and plants and animals being submerged in the geology. It is a dark brown colored oily fluid of saturated hydrocarbons found between sedimentary layers at the very bottom of Earth’s Crust. It is also known as Crude Oil or Mineral Oil.
In modern times, due to its high importance, it has been termed as Black Gold, Liquid Gold, etc. Petroleum, petrol, kerosene, diesel, various hydrocarbons, ethers, natural gas, etc. are obtained from petroleum. Huh.
It is made from the rotten throat substance of dead organisms and vegetation buried inside the earth millions of years ago. It is found in a gaseous state. It is generally a mixture of methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, in which up to 87–92% methane is found. Natural gas is an important energy resource that is found independently above petroleum wells and is the first to be obtained at the time of petroleum extraction. It is used as a source of energy and as a raw industrial material for the petrochemical industry.
In the present times, the growth and development of any nation depend on its better and stronger infrastructure, and electric energy is an important component of the infrastructure. Per capita, electricity consumption in any nation is considered as an index of development. India is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of power generation capacity, while it is the sixth-largest consumer of electric power. Today most of the electricity is produced by the hydroelectric power system.