The most important and basic of all-natural resources. Other resources originate, develop and use on land. Land resources refer to the parts of the earth on which all living organisms live and fulfill all the necessities of their life. The entire surface area is about 510,072,500 sq km. Land area is about 14,84,00,000 sq km. (29%) and the aquatic area is about 36,13,00,000 sq km. (71%).
In the figures, water is on 70.9 percent of the total area of the world. While only 29.01 percent share the is land. This area is divided between a total of 263 countries, small and large. In this, the area of India is 32,87,263 sq. Km. India ranks 7th in the world in terms of area, while in population India is the largest country in the world after China. India occupies a mere 2.4 percent of the entire area.
In India, various types of landforms like mountains, plateaus, plains, lamps, etc. are found on the land. Out of this, about 43% of the area is plain, which is convenient for the development of agriculture and industry. Around 30% of the entire region is covered by mountains, which provide conducive conditions for the development of tourism and ensure uninterrupted water flow in some rivers. About 27% of the country’s entire area is a plateau region with huge reserves of minerals, fossil fuels, and forests.
Factors Affecting Land Resources Use:
Land Resources use mainly depends on the following two factors-
A. Physical factors & B. Economic and social factors
A. Physical Factors
The major physical factors affecting the use of land are as follows-
a) Slopes of the Land
Agricultural work is easily done on flat land whereas on fast-sloping land it is difficult to do agriculture. Therefore, the agricultural area is more in the plains while in the hilly areas it is relatively less.
b) Soil Cover
In places where soil cover is less, the plants do not grow properly whereas tree plants grow more in areas with more soil cover.
c) Nature of Rocks and Minerals Found in the Rock
Areas where minerals like iron ore, coal, mineral oil, bauxite, etc. are found in abundance, there will be more development of industries as well as mining business. is.
d) Amount of Geological Water
The groundwater that percolates and goes into the ground is called geological water. In areas where the amount of groundwater is high, there is more growth of tree plants. Not only this, due to the sufficient amount of potable water in such areas, a more dense population is found.
B. Economic and Social Causes
Land use is the backbone of agricultural economies and it provides substantial economic and social benefits. The following economic and social factors affect the use of land-
a) Economic Condition
Developed nations are economically prosperous compared to developing nations, making their unfertile land fertile.
b) Social System
In places where there is more development of relatively advanced technology, people make the land more productive, while in areas with less advanced technology, the productivity of the land is also less. For example, the tribals of Africa are not able to use the land properly because they spend all their time hunting and gathering food.
The land is used in a planned manner in areas with a high population, thereby increasing its productivity. This helps in raising the standard of living.
d) Development of Means of Transport
In areas where there is more development of means of transportation, the land gets better use.