Nationalism is an ideology that binds the citizens of any country in the thread of unity. According to EH Carr, “Nationalism is the simple and natural sweetness of a specific shape and relationship between all its members.”
Indian nationalism is an example before the world, although it started from the Vedic period itself, the earth mother has been celebrated in the Earth Sukta of Atharvaveda. The Vishnu Purana describes India’s Yashogan as a paradise on earth, but it underwent special development during British rule. In fact, Indian nationalism is an example to the world in the form of linguistic, ethnic, religious, economic, geographical, etc. India. It is hardly possible in any country of the world, yet nationalism proved successful. The sense of unity among so many different leaders is nothing short of a miracle in itself. In the words of VA Smith “In fact, the unity of India is rooted in its diversity”. With the establishment of British society and in response to the chaos created in Indian society, the spirit of nationalism in India grew stronger.
Before the arrival of the British, India was divided into small independent princely states. The rules and customs of each princely state were different from religious traditions. During the British period, a general system was established in the political and administrative terms of the whole country, and a state of the law was established. These laws were equally applicable to all the citizens of the state and in order to enforce them, the lower courts of the whole country were referred to the High Courts. , Federal Court and Council were established. British law was based on acts and democratic values, in which every citizen of society had equal rights. Thus, for the first time in India, legal and administrative unity was established on the basis of democracy.
Due to the rise of nationalism in India:
1) Effects of social and religious movements:
In the 19th century, social and religious movements have contributed immensely to awakening the national spirit in India. Raja Rammohan Roy through Brahma Samaj, Swami Dayanand Saraswati through Arya Samaj, Swami Vivekananda through Ramakrishna Mission, And the religious and social reform movement that Mrs. Annie Besant undertook through the Theosophical Society, removed a variety of religious and social narrowings and created a sense of equality among Indians. Swami Dayanand Saraswati was the first to say that “India is for Indians.”
2) The evils of colonial governance:
The British had destroyed Indian rural industries to serve their interests and started exploiting agriculture. As a result of this, the feeling of nationalism was generated due to the resentment of the colonial administration in the villagers. Apart from this, the British had developed the infrastructure of railways, postal wires, etc. to fulfill their economic interests, so that the Indians could get in touch with each other. Gaya, which gave a boost to nationalism.
3) Historical Research:
5) Role of press and newspapers: