Social Science

Political Parties of India

Political Parties of India

A multi-party democratic system is prevalent in India. The political parties of India here can be mainly divided into the following 3 classes:

  1. National political parties, 2. State-level political parties, and 3. Regional parties
  2. National Political Parties

Political Parties of India

1. National political parties of India

National political parties have influence throughout the country. A party is recognized as a national political party only if:

It gets 6% of the vote in at least 4 states in the general election of the Lok Sabha or the State Legislative Assembly, or

Obtain 2% (11 seats) of the total Lok Sabha member strength, but these seats have been obtained from at least 3 states, or

Recognizes as a regional party in four or more states.

Political Parties of IndiaList of all the National Political Parties in India

S.No. Name Abbreviation Foundation


1.  Bharatiya Janata Party  BJP 1980
2.  Indian National Congress  INC 1885
3.  Communist Party of India (Marxist)  CPI-M 1964
4.  Communist Party of India  CPI 1925
5.  Bahujan Samaj Party  BSP 1984
6.  Nationalist Congress Party  NCP 1999
7.  All India Trinamool Congress  TMC  1998
8. National People’s Party  NPP  2013

2. State-Level Political Parties of India

A party is recognized as a state-level political party only when it:

Get at least 3% of the total seats in the state assembly or at least 3 seats, whichever is higher,


Get at least 1 seat for the Lok Sabha, behind every 25 seats allotted for that state, or any fraction of that number, or

Get at least 6% of the total valid votes in the Lok Sabha or state assembly elections and also won at least 1 Lok Sabha seat or 2 Assembly seats,


It fails to win a single seat in a state in the general election of Lok Sabha or state assembly but gets 8% of the total valid votes cast in that state.

At present, there are 59 recognized state-level political parties. Some of these are as follows:

List of State-Level Political Parties of India

S.No. Name Abbreviation Foundation


1. Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Delhi, Punjab
2. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
3. All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 West Bengal
4. Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Sikkim
5. All India N.R. Congress AINRC 2011 Puducherry
6. All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 2004 Assam
7. Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Telangana
8. Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Assam
9. Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Odisha
10. Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
11. Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Tamil Nadu
12. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
13. Shiv Sena SS 1966 Maharashtra
14. YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
15. Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Haryana
16. Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Kerala
17. Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Jammu & Kashmir
18. Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Jammu & Kashmir
19. Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Jammu & Kashmir
20. Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 Karnataka, Kerala
21. Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Bihar
22. Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Jharkhand
23. Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Jharkhand
24. Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 Kerala
25. Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Bihar
26. Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Maharashtra
27. Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Goa
28. Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP 1990 Uttar Pradesh
29. Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Mizoram
30. Mizoram People’s Conference MPC 1972 Mizoram
31. Naga People’s Front NPF 2002 Manipur, Nagaland
32. National People’s Party NPP 2013 Meghalaya
33. Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 Puducherry, Tamil Nadu
34. People’s Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Arunachal Pradesh
35. Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Bihar, Jharkhand
36. Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Uttar Pradesh
37. Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Bihar
38. Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 Kerala, West Bengal
39. Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Uttar Pradesh
40. Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Punjab

3. Regional Political Parties of India

Under this, all those small, registered, local political parties come who do not gain the standard of being registered as national and state-level parties. Their role in national or state-level politics in India is very important in the situation of a coalition government. Regional parties lead public sentiments at the local level. At the time of the Lok Sabha elections 2019, their number was 2227 in India.

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